In August 1923, the Bayerische Bauindustrie A.-G., an integrated development firm in Munich, issued a collection of coupons value 100,000, 1,000,000 and 5,000,000 marks — the devastating hyperinflation was in full swing. Though these items of Notgeld (“emergency cash”) weren’t official banknotes, they’d the backing of the Bavarian State Financial institution and the Bavarian State Ministry of the Inside.

The quantities are spelled out in Lichte fette Grotesk AKA Phosphor. Dated August 24th, 1923, the coupons are an early in-use example of Jakob Erbar’s inline caps. A number of sources give 1924 because the 12 months of first launch for this typeface. The identify wasn’t registered with the German affiliation of typefoundries earlier than January 31th, 1924, and a proof was despatched in solely on April 29th. The date of concern printed on the banknotes doesn’t essentially should match the precise date of printing, after all — paperwork may be backdated for every kind of causes. Nevertheless, contemplating the speed of the inflation in the midst of 1923, it appears extremely unlikely that these coupons have been printed a lot later — they might have been nugatory by November, when the US greenback was value four,210,500,000,000 German marks. It’s secure to say that Lichte fette Grotesk was obtainable and in use already in 1923.

Having mentioned that, with a manufacturing course of that may take a number of years — from preliminary design to check cuttings and advance shipments to publicity — it’s hardly ever doable to pinpoint a single date, and infrequently one can’t even argue that one date is extra appropriate than the opposite.

Observe that each varieties for ‘Ok’, ‘R’ and ‘S’ have been used, in an apparently random method. The opposite fonts in use are the bold cut (1910) of Feder-Grotesk, Erbar’s first launched typeface household and a remarkably early instance of a contrasted sans serif; and Wilhelm Jaecker’s Jaecker-Schrift (1910). Printed by the G. Franz’sche Buchdruckerei, München.

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